How High Should a Fence Be to Keep Deer Out

The height of a fence is key when you want to keep deer away from your garden. But what's the right height to stop deer from getting in?

Most deer fences are 7 to 8 feet high. This is thought to be enough to stop deer. But, do they actually keep deer out?

A study by the USDA showed that almost all deer can jump a 5-foot 11-inch fence. Yet, increasing the height to 6-foot 11-inches stopped most from jumping. Maybe 7 feet is really enough to keep deer out.

Deer usually don't jump high fences because they don't know where they will land. This keeps the deer calm. No one has needed special gear for 7-foot fences, which shows they might not try to jump that high.

Some areas restrict fence height to 6 feet. But, a 6-foot fence can usually still keep deer away. Another option is two 4 to 5-foot fences close together, which works but is expensive.

For different areas, you'd want different fence heights. Open grass needs an 8-foot fence while 7 feet is enough for wooded spots. Gardens can make do with 5 to 6 feet.

The type of fence matters too. Woven-wire fences are great for keeping deer out. They're expensive but need little maintenance. For areas where crops are valuable, a 9 to 10-foot woven-wire fence is best.

If you're using wood, iron, vinyl, or masonry, go for a fence that's at least 10 feet high to stop deer.

Choosing the right fence height and material is crucial. It's about understanding your garden's needs. With the right fence and care, you can protect your crops and enjoy a deer-free garden.

Building a Vertical Deer Fence

Protecting your garden from deer is key. A vertical deer fence is a great choice. It's best for areas covering up to 40 acres.

  1. First, set up strong corner assemblies to hold the fence up.
  2. Next, pull a 12 1/2-gauge high-tensile wire between these corners.
  3. Then, place 8-foot line posts every 33 feet along the wire.
  4. On these posts, attach insulators at the right heights for the wires.
  5. After that, make sure the wires are tight, pulling them at 150 to 250 pounds of force.
  6. Lastly, link the wires to a good fence charger to keep the deer away.
  7. Also, keep an open area outside the fence to make it easier to see deer.
  8. Don't forget to check the fence often for any signs of damage. It's also important to test the voltage regularly.

With this fence, you create a strong barrier against deer. By setting it up right and looking after it, you will keep your plants safe. This way, you can enjoy gardening without worrying about deer. Remember to follow these steps, and your fence will work well.

building a vertical deer fencePin

Maximum Area
12 1/2-gauge high-tensile wire
8-foot line posts at 33-foot intervals
150 to 250 pounds
Up to 40 acres

Building an Offset or Double Fence

For big orchards, nurseries, or fields with valuable crops and lots of deer, consider an offset or double fence. It provides better protection by having two layers that make it harder for deer to get through.

See also
How to Keep Birds Out of Your Yard

Begin by setting up swing corner assemblies at the fence's corners. They make the fence stronger.

Now, run a high-tensile wire around these assemblies, making sure it's tight. This wire is the first layer of the fence.

Place line posts evenly along the wire. This makes sure the fence is strong and works properly. These posts help stabilize the fence too.

Attach more wires to insulators at the right height. Leave a gap that's too big for deer to jump over. Tighten these wires well.

For the fence to work well, attach it to a good, well-grounded charger. It gives out a small shock to deer touching the fence, keeping them away.

Keep an area outside the fence clear so it's easy to see. This helps notice deer coming close or trying to get past the fence.

You should check the fence and its charger every week to make sure they work. Fix any problems you find to keep the fence doing its job.

Summary Table

Fence Type
Recommended for
Additional Requirements
Offset or Double Fence
Moderate-to-large sized orchards, nurseries, and high-value crops facing high deer pressures
Swing corner assemblies, high-tensile wire, line posts, insulators, fence charger

building an offset or double fencePin

Note: The image above shows how to build an offset or double fence. It includes swing corner assemblies, high-tensile wire, line posts, and insulators.

Building a Slanted Seven-Wire Deer Fence

A slanted seven-wire deer fence keeps deer out of places like orchards. It's a strong barrier that blocks deer from getting in. Here's how you can make your own:

  1. First, put up corner assemblies at the fence line's corners. These parts make sure the fence stays strong.
  2. Then, run a high-tensile wire from these corners. This wire acts as the skeleton of the fence.
  3. Put angle braces along this wire every so often. Angle braces are important for keeping the fence stable under tension.
  4. Attach your wires to these braces at the right heights. Then, pull the wires tight. 150 pounds of tension is good for this fence.
  5. After that, add fence battens to the wires. These battens help support the fence better.
  6. Finally, connect the wires to a fence charger. This charger gives deer a small shock that chases them away.
  7. Make sure there's an open space outside the fence. This gives deer a clear view of the fence, making them less likely to try and jump it.
  8. Always check the fence and its voltage regularly. This keeps the fence working well and stops deer from entering your space.

To make a slanted seven-wire deer fence, you'll need to be very precise. This kind of fence is both strong and effective at keeping deer away from your orchard or plants.

Building a Slanted Seven-Wire Deer FencePin

Height of the Fence
5 feet
Width of the Outward Slant
About 8 feet
Number of Wires
Tension Applied to Wires
Around 150 pounds
Distance Between Wire Strands
About 1 foot
Cost per Foot
40 cents

Woven-Wire Deer Fence

Woven-wire deer fences are the best choice for guarding orchards and nurseries. These fences provide constant protection from deer. Though they cost more and need more work to set up, their durability and effectiveness are unmatched.

Before high-tensile electric fences, woven-wire ones were the first pick for protecting crops. Their strong build with rigid corners and sturdy posts helps them last against deer. They keep deer out thanks to the careful construction.

Wire spacing is very important in these fences to keep deer away. The wire should be 58 inches or more above the ground. Following specific guidelines on wire thickness helps the fence keep its shape and strength.

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How to Keep Raccoons Out of Sweet Corn

The fence should be at least 76 inches high on flat land. On slopes, make it higher to stay effective. Using long wooden posts for corners and the right steel posts for the rest keeps the fence strong and stable.

Even though these fences work great, keeping the wires tight is key. They should hold 250 pounds of tension to stay in shape. Good insulators also matter to keep the fence's electric current strong and keep deer out.

In summary, woven-wire deer fences offer the best protection for crops from deer. They are hard-wearing and effective, making them a must-have for places with lots of deer.

Fence Material
Wooden Panels
At least 10 feet tall
At least 10 feet tall
At least 10 feet tall
At least 10 feet tall

Alternative Fence Materials

Alternative fence materials provide both security and beauty for small yards. You can choose from wooden panel fences, iron, vinyl, or masonry. These improve the look of your space while keeping it secure.

For keeping deer away, make sure the fence is tall enough. A fence should be at least 10 feet high to stop deer from getting in. If you have an 8-foot fence, adding wire on top can make it better at keeping deer out.

Check your local rules about how tall your fence can be and what it can be made of. Some areas only allow 6-foot fences, but this might still work for deer.

Fences made from certain materials may need approval from your local homeowners' association. They make sure fences fit in well with the neighborhood and aren't eyesores. Know your association's rules before choosing your fence type.

To wrap up, consider wooden panels, iron, vinyl, or masonry for a fence that looks good and keeps deer away. No matter the type, aim for a 10-foot height. By following rules and choosing the right material, your home will look great and stay protected from deer.

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Considerations for Deer-Proof Fencing

Deer can wreck your garden, orchard, or crops. So, picking the right deer-proof fencing matters a lot. Think about the fence's height, how visible it is, the materials used, and its openings. These choices can keep deer out.

Deer can jump over usual garden fences. Hence, a deer-proof fence should be at least 7 feet tall. Most deer won't try to leap over such a high barrier. You might also think about making the fence hard to see or using materials like polypropylene or metal. This keeps your area secure and looks good too.

Getting the right materials for your deer fence is key. They should have the right size openings to stop deer but not hurt them. This helps keep your plants safe while looking out for wildlife.

Also, it's key to stop little animals from sneaking under or over the fence. You can add a bottom wire or bury part of the fence to keep them out. This boosts how well your fence keeps deer away.

With the right steps, you can lower deer damage in your growing areas. Selecting an appropriate fence height and using quality materials are crucial. Also, making sure the fence is put up right and taken care of properly is a big help. This way, you can keep your plants safe from deer.

Maintenance and Additional Considerations

After building your deer fence, keeping it up is key to make sure it lasts and works well. We'll look at what you need to do to maintain it and other important things to think about. This keeps your deer fence in great shape.

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How to Keep Rabbits Out of My Yard

Fence Inspection

It's vital to check your fence often. This helps spot any places that are weak or broken. Inspect everything from the posts to the wires and corners. Watch out for things like loose wires or posts that are broken.

Voltage Checks

The electric fence box is important. It gives deer a shock to keep them away. Check its voltage regularly to make sure it's working right. A voltmeter is used to test the power along the fence. It should be strong enough to scare off deer.

Repair and Replacement

If part of the fence gets damaged, fix it right away. Things like loose wires or damaged posts can make your fence weak. Use the right tools to do repairs. This keeps your fence strong and working.

Permit Requirements

Always check what local rules and permits you need before adding a deer fence. Some areas have strict rules on fence size and how it's made. Make sure you follow these rules to avoid problems.

Special Fence Situations

Building a fence over unique landscapes requires special steps. Places with rocks, water, or changing land need extra thought. Experts can help you make these fences right. This way your fence stays solid and works as it should.

Materials Needed for Deer Fence Maintenance
Polypropylene fencing
T-posts or wooden posts
Zip ties
Ground stakes
Post pounder
Gates and gate hinges
Measuring tape

Regular care for your deer fence is a must. Inspect, check the voltage, and fix anything that's broken. Make sure you're following the rules and handle tricky spots right. Doing so will mean your fence keeps your property safe for a long time.


Keeping deer out of gardens is vital for those who love to grow, such as gardeners, orchard owners, and nurseries. For a deer fence to work well, its height is key. Experts suggest that 8-foot fences are best for big open areas. For places in the woods or with landscaping, a 7-foot fence is good. Gardens with tricky ground might do well with a 5 or 6-foot fence.

There are many types of fences you can use depending on how much deer visit your area. For places with lots of deer, a 7-wire vertical fence is a good choice. Gardens that face a great deal of deer pressure might need two fences for extra protection. Slanted seven-wire fences are perfect for guarding orchards and nurseries.

Besides wire, you can use materials like wooden panels, iron, vinyl, or masonry for a deer-proof fence. Keeping the fence in good shape is important. This includes adjusting it from time to time and fixing any damage. It's also crucial to follow local rules and get permits if needed for your fence.

Proper planning and the right fence design can enclose a whole property, even if it's not easy. With the right fence, anyone can keep deer away and protect their plants. This makes the area look great and be more productive.

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