What Vegetables Do You Plant in the Fall

When summer fades and the air gets cooler, gardeners may think it's time to stop. But not so fast. Fall is a great time to start planting again. The soil stays warm, and there are less weeds.

This means your crops can grow well. And you'll have plenty to harvest in the spring. So, what are the top vegetables to plant now?

Why Plant a Fall Vegetable Garden

Planting a fall vegetable garden has many pluses. You can keep growing food longer and get a good harvest in the fall. This is great because some veggies do much better when it's cooler, rather than in summer's heat.

Plant your seeds in summer's warm soil for a good start. You don't have to do all the work of planting at once like in spring. Also, in the fall, you won't have to water as much. This makes gardening easier and more fun.

Fall gardening has lots of benefits. You can grow veggies like broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, lettuce, spinach, and Swiss chard. These veggies taste better and give you more when grown in the fall.

Gardening in the fall extends your season and keeps fresh veggies coming. With a bit of planning, a fall garden is a great addition for any gardener.

Vegetables to Plant in Fall

As summer fades, focus shifts to the rich variety of vegetables for fall. The season brings hardy greens and loved cool-weather crops. It's the perfect time to cultivate and harvest a beautiful array of produce.

Top choices for the fall garden are kale, chard, onions, and more. These plants love the cooler weather and can handle light frosts. They’re ideal for your autumn garden.

Consider the perfect pH, spacing, and water needs for your fall vegetables. Most fall crops like a soil pH between 6.2 and 6.8. Remember, larger plants, such as cabbage, need space. Plant them 1 to 2 feet apart.

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Water newly planted seeds and transplants often in the first week. After that, give established plants 1 to 2 inches of water each week. Following these care tips will help your fall garden flourish.

Boost your garden's health by planting cover crops, like cereal grains and legumes. These plants can enrich the soil and stop weed growth. They pave the way for a successful fall and winter harvest.

Vegetable
Days to Harvest
Ideal Conditions
Beets
60-70 days
Well-drained soil, full sun
Brussels Sprouts
90-100 days
Cool temperatures, full sun
Cabbage
75-90 days
Rich, well-drained soil, full sun
Garlic
Approximately 2 years
Well-drained soil, full sun
Kale
50-65 days
Fertile, well-drained soil, partial shade
Mustard Greens
40-50 days
Moist, well-drained soil, full sun
Radishes
20-40 days
Loose, well-drained soil, full sun
Spinach
50-60 days
Rich, well-drained soil, partial shade

Grow a mix of fall veggies for a constant fresh harvest. From kale to radishes, there are many tasty and healthy choices. Your fall garden will keep you eating well through the cooler months.

Best Fall Crops for Your Region

If you want a fruitful fall garden, choose crops based on your local climate. Look for regional fall crops, cold hardy vegetables, and frost tolerant vegetables for success. They love the chill of autumn.

Some plants can handle light frosts, like beets, cauliflower, and lettuce. Hardier ones, including broccoli and kale, laugh at the cold down to 20°F. There's a plant for every level of chill.

Know your region's frost schedule to pick the right plants. Use frames or covers to protect them. This helps your garden stay alive longer, even when it gets cold.

Vegetable
USDA Growing Zones
Soil Needs
Beets
2–11
Loamy, moist
Bok Choy
2–11
Rich, well-drained
Broccoli
3–10
Rich, sandy
Green Beans
2–10
Rich, well-drained
Cabbage
1–9
Rich, well-drained
Carrots
3–10
Loose, well-drained
Cauliflower
2–11
Rich, well-drained
Kale
7–9
Loamy, moist but well-drained
Lettuce
4–9
Loamy, moist but well-drained
Peas
2–9
Loamy, well-drained
Radishes
No specific USDA Growing Zones mentioned.
N/A
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Do your homework to find the regional fall crops, cold hardy vegetables, and frost tolerant vegetables perfect for your area. This ensures a rich, tasty harvest come autumn.

When to Plant Fall Vegetables

Planting fall veggies at the right time is key to a great garden. Find out when your area's first frost will be. Then, make sure your vegetables have time to grow before frost hits.

Here's a simple guide for planting fall favorites:

  • Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and carrots need 10-12 weeks head start.
  • Lettuce and radishes should be planted early on, 6-8 weeks before frost.
  • Plant beets 4 weeks before the cold comes.
  • Do the same with bok choy.
  • Green beans can be started anywhere from 6 to 12 weeks early.
  • Cabbage needs one of the longest lead times, 12-14 weeks before frost.
  • Cauliflower should be started 8-12 weeks before frost.

Your area's specific conditions will affect these dates. Keep an eye on the weather. And be ready to protect your plants if needed with things like row covers.

By being smart about when to plant in the fall, you can have a fantastic garden. Happy gardening!

What Vegetables Do You Plant in the Fall

In the fall, you can grow many hardy crops. They will be ready in the spring if you plant them now. You can pick from leafy greens to veggies that grow underground. This way, you can keep your garden active and full of fresh food for longer.

Kale, Swiss chard, onions, asparagus, and carrots are some great choices. Also, you can pick perpetual spinach, garlic, turnips, and shallots. Adding in some winter lettuce, broccoli, peas, cabbage, and cauliflower is a good idea too. These plants do well in the cool fall weather, giving you a longer growing season.

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Kale gets sweeter after it's been in the frost, and Swiss chard adds bright colors to your garden. Planting onions, garlic, and shallots now means you'll have them early in spring. Asparagus and carrots also love the cold and will taste better because of it.

Perpetual spinach keeps giving throughout fall and into winter, even with a light frost. Vegetables like broccoli and cabbage will have their heads grow tight and mature in spring. For a treat early in spring, plant peas now.

Planting these vegetables in fall lets gardeners enjoy fresh food longer. With the right planning and care, they can last through autumn and give a good harvest in the spring. It's a smart way to get the most out of your garden.

Vegetable
Maturity Time
Temperature Tolerance
Spinach
37-45 days
Tolerates light frost
Broccoli
55-75 days
Grows well in cool conditions
Cabbage
60-120 days
Tolerates frost and cool temperatures
Radish
20-30 days
Grows best in cool weather
Carrots
70-80 days
Thrive in cool, moist soil

Conclusion

Planting a fall vegetable garden helps you harvest fresh food well into spring. It uses the warm soil and cool air of autumn. This is perfect for crops like kale, chard, onions, and broccoli. With some planning and care, these plants will give you homegrown treats for months.

Fall gardening is for everyone, whether you're experienced or just starting out. All it takes is the right spot with enough sun, good soil that drains well, and knowing when to plant. Then, you and your family can enjoy the garden's produce all winter. So, welcome the fall as a great time to grow food.

With a bit of effort and the right advice, you can keep growing your own food. A fall vegetable garden is your ticket to fresh, tasty crops. Ready to get started? Your meal time and your love for gardening will only get stronger.

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