What Vegetables to Plant Next to Each Other

Want to make your vegetable garden healthier and more productive? Try companion planting. This method groups vegetables and plants together for better results. You can keep pests away, attract helpful bees, provide shade, and boost your garden's health.

Companion planting is all about selecting vegetables that help each other grow. It creates an environment where plants support and protect one another.

Did you know planting basil, garlic, onions, and others with peppers can keep them healthier and bug-free? These plants form a barrier against harmful insects. They also make your vegetables tastier and more robust.

But what other vegetable combinations can amplify your garden's success? Keep reading to find the best companion plants for your garden. You'll learn how to keep pests away and welcome pollinators. Plus, you'll discover common mistakes to avoid. This guide is for both beginners and experienced gardeners. It will help you make the most of your garden and see great results.

The Benefits of Companion Planting

Companion planting is an old but golden gardening method with lots of perks. By mixing certain vegetables, you make pairs that help each other grow. This boosts your plants’ health and growth in multiple ways.

Repelling Pests Naturally

One top benefit is pest control without the need for chemicals. For example, basil, marigolds, and lavender smell in ways that pests hate. So, planting marigolds near basil can scare away harmful bugs like aphids.

Attracting Beneficial Insects

It also brings in the good bugs, like bees, butterflies, and ladybugs. These are pollinators or eat pests. So, planting basil, cilantro, and marigolds can make your garden a more lively and helpful place.

Improving Growth and Flavor

Some veggies grow better and taste good when planted near certain friends. Beans and corn, for instance, help each other out. Beans put nitrogen in the soil that corn needs. Also, mixing garlic with lettuce can keep pests away and make the crops taste better.

Enhancing Soil Health

Then there’s the soil. Some plants, like beans, can take nitrogen from the air and put it in the ground. This helps other plants around them grow better. It's like a natural soil booster.

Increasing Harvest Yield

Planting friends together can mean more food from your garden. Some plant combinations help each other grow. Good pairs include beans with beets, and cucumbers with lettuce. These combos can boost the amount of food you harvest.

Utilizing Space Efficiently

Interplanting helps you use your growing area well. This is great for small gardens or city spaces. By growing up and together, you get more from your garden without needing more space.

Selecting the Right Combinations

Picking the best veggie friends is key. Using a chart can guide you to choose plants that do well together. Caring about pest resistance, shape, and what nutrients they need can make your variety thrive.

Choosing the right plant partners not only keeps pests away and attracts helpers but also makes your garden flourish. This way, you can enjoy a lively and wealthier garden with the right mix of plants.

Companion Plants for Popular Vegetables

Companion plants are friends for certain veggies, helping them grow better and stay safe from bugs. Growing certain plants near each other brings benefits. It makes a garden work like a team. By planting veggies that help each other in groups, you boost what you get out of your garden.

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Here are some recommended companion plants for popular vegetables:


Asparagus likes to be near asters, basil, cilantro, marigolds, and thyme. But, it doesn't like being close to onions, garlic, and potatoes.


Beans do well with cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, corn, and marigolds. They should stay away from chives, leeks, and garlic.


Sage, dill, beet, peppermint, rosemary, corn, spinach, sunflower, and nasturtium are great friends for cabbage.


Carrots are happy with beans, chives, lettuce, onion, and sage. But, they shouldn't be near chives, dill, and parsnip to stop mixing up their seeds.


Peas do well near alyssum, beans, carrots, chives, and cucumbers. Just avoid planting them next to garlic and onions.

These suggestions are just the start for helping your garden thrive. By picking the right friends for each veggie, you build a community. This garden team makes sure everyone grows strong and helps others. So, with the right choices, your garden does better, and it's better for the planet too.

Deterring Pests with Companion Plants

Companion planting can naturally keep pests away from your veggie garden. By adding certain plants, you make the area less tempting for bugs. This keeps your crops healthy and thriving.

Herbs for Pest Control

Herbs like mint, basil, and dill naturally push pests out. Planting these near your veggies can protect them. It's like having a natural pest shield.

Effective Flower Companion Plants

Flowers are also great for pest control. Nasturtium, for example, lures pests away. It acts like a decoy, keeping your veggies safe.

Marigolds defend against root knot nematodes. They also invite good bugs that eat the bad bugs. Cosmos and alyssum are full of benefits for your garden, too.

Pest-Repelling Plants for Specific Pests

Some plants target specific pests. Thyme keeps cabbage worms at bay. Marigolds and nasturtiums scare off squash bugs and more. These plants work like natural pest repellents.

Importance of Eliminating Pesticides

Avoiding pesticides is key for a garden's health. They harm good bugs and can upset nature's balance. Instead, choose organic methods for a better garden.

Pest Control Methods

Besides planting companions, there are other ways to keep pests in check. Remove bugs by hand and cover plants to protect them. Also, make sure your soil is healthy. These steps help your garden thrive.

Using companion plants and these methods lowers bug attacks on your veggies. This means stronger, more fruitful plants.

Providing Shade and Support

Companion planting helps in many ways. It can keep pests away and help plants grow better. Companion planting is also great for offering shade and support. This is important for certain veggies in your garden. By planting certain vegetables next to others, you can make the most of your garden space. This creates a great place for all your plants to grow well together.

To give shade to veggies like lettuce, you can plant parsley, borage, or yarrow near them. Also, cosmos, scarlet sage, garden phlox, or coneflowers work well. Their leaves can make a cover over the low plants. This keeps them from getting too much sun and helps the soil stay moist.

For plants that climb, like cucumbers and peas, tall plants like corn and sunflowers are great. The climbing plants use the taller ones as a support. This way, all the plants can get the space and air they need to grow well.

When planning where to plant everything, think about what each plant needs. This will help you choose the best friends for your plants. By doing this, you can have a garden that is both effective and healthy for all plants.

Companion Plants for Shade and Support
Companion PlantBenefit
ParsleyProvides shade for low-growing plants like lettuce.
BorageCreates a leafy canopy that shades delicate plants.
YarrowOffers shade and attracts beneficial insects.
CosmosProvides shade and adds vibrant colors to the garden.
Scarlet SageCreates a protective cover for low-growing plants.
Garden PhloxOffers shade and attracts pollinators.
ConeflowerProvides shade and attracts beneficial insects.
CornServes as a sturdy support for climbing crops like cucumbers and peas.
SunflowersOffers a natural trellis for vining vegetables.
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Attracting Pollinators with Companion Plants

Companion planting helps attract pollinators to your garden. Bees, butterflies, and helpful insects like these are key for pollination. They boost your vegetable garden's yield. By adding certain plants, you make your garden inviting to them.

Plants like Bee balm, Lavender, and Marigolds draw in the pollinators.

  • Sunflowers
  • Zinnias
  • Cosmos
  • Violas

These flowers have bright, appealing colors. This attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. They help pollinate your garden when you plant these around your crops.

Different pollinators like different flower types. Bees like blues and yellows, while butterflies love multicolored flowers. Hummingbirds are into bright reds. Having a mix of flowers will welcome a variety of helpful insects.

Companion plants don't just draw in pollinators. They offer food sources, too. Plants that bloom for long periods are especially useful. They keep pollinators around all season.

Locating Pollinator Plants in Your Vegetable Garden

Where you put these plants matters. Plant them near your veggies. Doing this makes your garden look good and helps it function well. Pollinators from the flowers will help your vegetables too.

Make sure your garden spot is sunny and has good soil. Many pollinator plants love sunlight. Rich soil ensures these plants grow well and stay attractive to pollinators.

This strategy leads to a garden ecosystem that helps everything thrive. Pollinators are crucial for healthy vegetables. They ensure you get more and better-quality crops.

Avoiding Incompatible Plant Combinations

Companion planting is good for plants that help each other. But, it's just as important to know which plants shouldn't be near each other. Some will compete for food. Others might hurt each other's growth or attract the same pests.

You should think about how each plant grows. Their size, height, and needs are crucial. Making sure they have enough space is vital. This stops problems before they start in your garden.

When planning your garden, remember some plants don't mix well. For instance, mint and onions can hurt asparagus. And, anise and dill don't do well near carrots. So, knowing what should be kept apart is key to a healthy garden.

There are certain veggies that just don't get along. Putting cucumbers, pumpkins, radishes, and others near potato hills is a bad idea. They'll fight for nutrients and space. If you put cabbage cousins near strawberries, they'll affect each other's growth.

Plant incompatibilities are common. Cabbage, cauliflower, and dill near tomatoes is a problem. They can stunt tomato plants. Planning carefully can avoid these issues and help your garden grow well.

Plant Incompatibility
Onions with Beans
Onions emit allicin, which can inhibit bean growth by killing beneficial urease bacteria needed for nitrogen fixation.
Tomatoes with Potatoes
Tomatoes and potatoes are susceptible to similar pests and diseases, increasing the risk of issues spreading when grown together.
Corn with Tomatoes
Corn and tomatoes are both heavy feeders and compete for vital nutrients, potentially hindering their growth.
Tomatoes with Brassicas
Tomatoes and brassicas, such as cabbage and cauliflower, are heavy feeders and can lead to greater competition for nutrients, leaving tomatoes undernourished.
Cucumbers with Squash
Cucumbers and squash both require nutrient-rich soil and can exhaust soil nutrients when grown together due to increased competition.
Celery with Lettuce
Celery attracts pests like aphids and whiteflies that can damage lettuce if planted together.
Fennel with Various Vegetables
Fennel inhibits tomato growth and should be kept away from many vegetables to prevent growth issues.
Peppers with Cabbage
Peppers and cabbage inhibit each other's growth when planted next to one another due to family differences.
Potatoes with Zucchini
Potatoes can starve out zucchini if grown together, as both are fast growers and heavy feeders competing for nutrients.
Carrots with Parsnips
Carrots and parsnips share pests and diseases being in the same family, increasing the risk of attacks if grown together.
Asparagus with Onions
Asparagus and onions should not be planted together due to shared pests and diseases like cutworms that damage both plants.
Pumpkins with Summer Squash
Pumpkins and summer squash can cross-pollinate if grown together, producing less palatable fruits and sharing common pests and diseases.
Fennel with Eggplant
Fennel inhibits the growth of other vegetables, especially eggplant, due to substances released from its roots.
Garlic with Peas
Garlic production of sulfur compounds can stunt the growth of peas and compete for nutrients in the soil, inhibiting growth.
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Common Mistakes to Avoid in Companion Planting

Companion planting boosts your vegetable garden's health and yield. Yet, gardeners often make mistakes to steer clear of. Knowing and fixing these errors lead to better results in companion planting.

1. Choosing Plants with Competing Root Systems

Think about plants' root systems when placing them together. Avoid pairing veggies with big roots, as they might fight for nutrients and water. This battle can slow their growth and lower how much they produce.

2. Overlooking Plant Height and Size

Don't forget to match plants by their heights and sizes. Taller plants could block the sunlight smaller ones need. By choosing wisely, you make sure each plant gets the light it needs.

3. Planting Incompatible Plants Too Close Together

Some plants just don't work well when planted nearby. For instance, beans and certain other plants don't get along. Research ideal plant spacings to keep everything thriving.

4. Failure to Consider Allelopathic Effects

Allelopathy can lead to some plants not doing well near others. For instance, garlic and onions might stop beans from growing big. To avoid such issues, don't mix plants that could harm each other.

5. Ignoring Crop Density, Ratio, and Interplanting Times

To do companion planting right, think about how many plants you need, their ratios, and when to plant them. Every plant has unique needs for space and timing. Failure to account for these can hurt your garden's productivity.

Avoiding these mistakes leads to a better growing space for your veggies. It helps in enhancing your plants' health and increasing your harvest, even in a small area. Success in companion planting comes from planning, researching, and being attentive to your garden.

Common Mistakes
How to Avoid Them
Choosing plants with competing root systems
Research and select plants with compatible root systems.
Overlooking plant height and size
Consider the height and size of plants when planning your garden layout.
Planting incompatible plants too close together
Follow recommended plant spacing guidelines and avoid planting incompatible vegetables together.
Failure to consider allelopathic effects
Be aware of allelopathic interactions and avoid planting incompatible vegetables together.
Ignoring crop density, ratio, and interplanting times
Research the specific requirements of each plant and plan your garden accordingly.


Companion planting is an old method used around the world. It's been around for thousands of years. Indigenous peoples of the Americas began with the Three Sisters. This technique mixes corn, beans, and squash, benefiting each other.

The Greeks and Romans also identified plant pairs that help or harm each other. It shows how important companion planting is. Today, organic farmers use it to protect crops without using harmful chemicals.

For example, peas help the soil by adding nitrogen naturally. They keep away bad bugs and bring good ones. Plus, they grow well with many plants, like carrots, lettuce, and potatoes.

Most gardeners agree that companion planting lowers pest problems. It also cuts down on the use of pesticides. This method boosts your garden's growth and fights weeds too. By planting different kinds of plants together, you can have a successful garden.

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